Gourami in your aquarium? This is what you need to know

Gourami is a beautiful fish for your aquarium. They are sociable, easy to care for and not fussy eaters. Gouramis come in all shapes, colors and sizes. One is even more beautiful than the other. This makes the gourami a popular fish in many aquariums. These fish are also found in the wild, where some species can grow up to 70 centimeters in length.

With their beautiful colors gouramis are a real asset to your aquarium. But then of course you want to keep them as beautiful and healthy. They do not make high demands and are therefore excellent fish for a novice aquarium enthusiast. If you give them what they need, they will turn your aquarium into a beautiful, living painting.

What types of gouramis are there?

There are many different types of gouramis available in the aquarium shop. Each species has its properties, dimensions and behavior. The dwarf gourami is only about 5 centimeters long, while its larger counterparts can easily reach 15 centimeters.

Some well-known types of gourami are:

  • Dwarf
  • Honey 
  • Diamond
  • Gold 
  • Chocolate 
  • Gurmon 
  • Leopard
  • Marble  
  • Kissing 

Where does the gourami come from?

Dwarf Gourami

The gourami originally comes from Africa and Southeast Asia. Here they live in fresh and brackish water. Because of their origin they like warmer aquarium water. Depending on the variety, the temperature should be at least 20 to 25 degrees.

Gouramis belong to the group of labyrinth fish. This is due to the labyrinth organ, which sits on top of their heads. With this they get oxygen from the air, in addition to breathing through their gills. As a result, these fish can live well in oxygen-poor water.

Gouramis love space to swim. Therefore, start with a container of at least 120 liters. For example, you can keep 1 male with one or a few females. Most gouramis like to live together as a couple. Several males together can result in fierce fights, up to the point of death.

Different types of gouramis together?

You can try different kinds of gouramis with each other to combine. This can go well as long as you consider their habitat and behavior. The most famous gourami’s, such as the dwarf gourami, honey gourami and knor gourami mainly live on the surface. As a result, this is not an optimal combination. They soon get in each other’s way.

It is best to keep your gouramis together as a couple. You can try to put different types of gourami flocks in your tank. This often works well when they are small, but once they are adults, the chance of things going wrong increases. The males start quarreling among themselves, even couples can quarrel about territory.

Is it smart to put different types of gouramis together? That’s a tricky question. It can go well, but there is a chance that they will get into a fight. And then you have a problem. If you want to keep several gouramis together, combine, for example, 1 male with several females of the same species. Or choose some other fish species as friendly neighbors for your gourami couple.

Which fish can gourami?

Honey Gourami

Most gourami are calm fish, which can also be quite shy. Do not combine these gouramis with fast, active fish such as barbs and sumatrans. There is a good chance that they are too late to feed or that they serve as food themselves. That is of course not the intention.

Gourami live most in the middle area and at the top of your aquarium. They also get along well with fish that are more on the soil life, such as the Botia Lohachata and the Were eel. Make sure that it does not get too crowded in your aquarium. Gourami are often shy, so they don’t show themselves when they are busy.

Offer your gourami enough plants

Due to their shy nature, gouramis like to hide. Therefore, offer them sufficient hiding places, e.g. by branches, stones and put enough aquarium plants in your tank. They are very happy with floating plants and plants with somewhat larger leaves, just below the water surface. They love to hang out under this. It gives them shelter and a feeling of safety.

And when your fish feel safe, they will show their best side. You can see this in their colors. A fish that feels good and safe will have beautiful, bright colors.

Can diamond gourami with shrimp?

Diamond gourami with shrimps in one bowl is a nice combination. The shrimp are having fun at the bottom of the tank, while your diamond gouramis show their beautiful colors and fins in the higher layers of the aquarium. But your diamond gouramis may also see the shrimp as food. Especially if you have smaller types of shrimp.

You can prevent your diamond gouramis from eating the shrimp by creating enough hiding places. Plants, stones and wood provide places for the shrimp to hide. Usually your shrimps outsmart the slower gouramis and will survive any attack.

Dwarf gourami behavior?

The dwarf gourami will behave well in your aquarium. It is a fish that generally behaves peacefully towards other, calmer fish. Sometimes he can be a bit shy. Sufficient hiding places are therefore necessary for the dwarf gourami to feel safe. Only during brood care can the male be aggressive.

Partly because of its behavior, the many color patterns and beautiful fins, the dwarf gourami is popular and the choice of many aquarium enthusiasts. In addition, they are also quite easy to grow. Place a couple in a breeding tank with nice warm water, at least 27 degrees.
The male will build a bubble nest, after which the female will lay the eggs in it. Once the eggs are laid, the male will chase her away. Remove the female from the tank, this prevents aggression. The eggs only need 24 hours to hatch.

In many cases the male can remain in the tank if there is enough shelter on the surface for the little gouramis. But as a precaution I would personally also remove the male from the aquarium after the eggs hatch. In this way the young can grow optimally, without being eaten by their own kind.

Gold gourami behavior

Gold Gourami

The behavior of the gold gourami is generally peaceful. This fish likes to swim, so place them in a tank of at least 100 centimeters. They will mainly be in the middle and top layers of the aquarium. The gold gourami can grow up to 12 centimeters in length and feels comfortable at a water temperature of 24 to 26 degrees.

Just like the other gourami species, these fish are also omnivore. They can nibble on plants, but are also very happy with frozen food, granulate and live food, such as red and black mosquito larvae. Providing them with plenty of hiding places among plants and other objects in your tank will help them feel safe and comfortable.


Gouramis in your aquarium are great fun. Their natural behavior and beautiful colors are a joy to watch. However, it can always happen that your fish do not behave as you expected. Or that they don’t get along with the other residents. Do you have questions about your gouramis? Feel free to leave a comment below this blog. I would like to help you.

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