Feeding aquarium fish – The diet of aquarium fish completely depends on how they feed in their natural environment, living in freedom. Only by focusing on their instinctive preferences, it is possible to draw up the correct regimen, taking into account their taste preferences. So how do you feed your aquarium fish properly?
Feeding Aquarium Fish
According to the method of feeding, all fish can be conditionally divided into three groups. Namely:
- Herbivorous fish eat plants, algae, fruits. They eat little, but often. This diet is explained by their long digestive system.
- Carnivorous fish in nature eat small fish, amphibians, insects, birds, invertebrates. They have a large stomach, so they eat a lot at a time, but the next meal does not come soon.
- Omnivorous fish eat plants, other fish, insects, amphibians, that is, their diet combines the diets of herbivorous and carnivorous fish. They eat several times a day, in medium portions.
It is necessary to feed domestic aquarium fish only with the food that suits them in accordance with their natural needs. Fish owners usually purchase special food from pet stores. It can be live food, dry food, frozen food or vegetable food. Fish food should be enriched with nutrients – vitamins and minerals, taking into account the way of feeding.
Carnivores And Omnivores
As live food, they can be offered bloodworms, infusoria, daphnia, tubifex, gimmarus and rotifer. This feed needs proper storage – in the freezer, otherwise the feed will quickly deteriorate. If you plan to feed the fish with fry, then they need to be grown by feeding them with live food. Thanks to the protein, they acquire strong immunity. Also omnivorous and carnivorous fish can be given minced meat (chicken, fish), chicken liver, eggs, invertebrates.
Herbivores and Omnivores
As a plant food, these fish can be given algae, vegetables, fruits, cereals.
Unloading can be arranged for aquarium fish in the form of a fasting day or a small head. Thanks to this, their intestines will be cleansed, because from time to time they overeat. In addition, these days will help sick fish become healthier. Living in nature, fish sometimes do not have the opportunity to eat for a residual long time. So, periodic hunger strikes will only benefit them, without harming their health.
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Feeding Fish In Captivity
Feeding aquarium fish should be organized in such a way that they do not go hungry, but do not overeat. When choosing a feeding regime, it is necessary to focus on the age of the fish, as well as on the characteristics of their body.
Fry from birth to a month are fed 4 to 8 times a day. Fry from a month to two are fed at least four times a day. Fish older than two months are fed twice a day. During spawning, the amount of feed should be reduced. It is even recommended to fast for a few times after breeding has taken place. And before spawning, on the contrary, it is advisable to increase the nutrition for two weeks, focusing on live food.
Regardless of the number of fish in the aquarium, you must feed them at the same time. Let the first feeding be in the morning, an hour after turning on the lights, and the last two hours before turning off.
There is a rule that you should never overfeed your fish. It is very simple: the amount of food should be such that the fish have time to eat it within five (maximum ten) minutes. It is better to feed a little and not often. This way the fish will eat all the food you give them without overeating. If any leftover food remains in the aquarium, it must be removed so that it does not start to rot at the bottom of the aquarium. This can be done with a special butterfly net.
Size And Age
Fish are of different sizes, therefore, food is selected for them taking into account this parameter. But you also need to focus on age. A grain intended for a young individual should be no larger than the eye of this fish. If you feed the fish with food, which is produced by tablets, granules or flakes, then they must first be ground into dust.
Adults usually strive to eat large grains, since it is not easy for them to eat food pounded into dust. Equip your aquarium with a special setup to help you feed. Pour two types of food (live and dry) into the tank, and everyone in your home pond will be happy. Food from such a feeder will not spill out.
What is The Best Way To Feed Fish
Regardless of the fish that live in your tank, there are a few basic rules to feed them. Namely:
- Feeding aquarium fish is carried out exclusively with the food that is intended for specific breeds, taking into account each species that lives in the aquarium.
- Do not overfeed the fish. Food should be served in small portions at specific times.
- Feed your aquarium pets in a variety of ways. This will keep your fish healthy and active.
- After the fish have eaten, all excess food from the tank must be removed to avoid overfeeding.
- The food system must be chosen correctly, taking into account the age of the fish and their size.
- Feeding aquarium fish should begin no earlier than one hour after turning on the light and two hours before turning it off.
- You need to feed the fish not only with purchased food, but also with natural food.
- During feeding, it is periodically necessary to monitor the process, as weaker fish may be left without food.
What Should Fish Get From Feed
An important question in terms of the nutrition of aquarium fish is the question of the number of feedings per week and what should the fish receive with food? Here you need to focus on specific fish. Schemes for omnivores, herbivores, and carnivores look different, but in any case, they should include everything you need. Let’s say that omnivores and carnivores can be fed four times a week with dry food, once alive, and one day leaving the fish hungry.
The scheme can be drawn up independently, the main thing is that all the nutritional requirements for aquarium fish of a particular age and size are taken into account. Different types of food must certainly alternate: live, dry, vegetable. Remember, if the fish is herbivorous, then it should eat appropriately – only dry food or vegetable.
Fish need fortified food that will allow them to live a full life. When buying store food, pay attention to the composition. It should contain all the vitamins and minerals necessary for aquarium inhabitants:
- Vitamin A. This vitamin is more needed by the fry, if the fish do not have enough of it, they will grow poorly. Deformation of the spine and fins is possible. In addition, the fish will be under stress.
- Vitamin E. Fish is needed for reproduction, since vitamin E affects reproductive function.
- Vitamin D. Thanks to this vitamin, the skeletal system develops in fish during growth.
- Vitamins B1, B2, B12. are responsible for metabolic processes in the body.
- Vitamin C. It is necessary for the formation of teeth and bones, and also helps to strengthen the immune system and normalize metabolic processes.
- Vitamin H. Thanks to him, cells are formed correctly during the growth of the fish.
- Vitamin K. Essential to the body of the aquarium dweller for important processes such as protein synthesis. This fat-soluble vitamin is responsible for blood clotting.
- Vitamin M. The color of the scales becomes better if the vitamin, which is also called folic acid, is present in the fish feed. In addition, vitamin M improves immunity and the functioning of the circulatory system.
- Vitamin B4. Responsible for the growth of fish, controls blood sugar levels.
By following all the rules for feeding aquarium fish, you will never overfeed them. And thanks to complete food, the fish will be healthy, beautiful and active.